a. Description. Labyrinthitis is a suppurative (pus-forming) causing disease process arising from chronic otitis media. The cause of this disease includes trauma associated with concussion producing bleeding such as a crack in the cochlea and nasal skull fracture. The condition may be caused by cardiovascular diseases such as arteriosclerosis and certain allergies.
b. Signs/Symptoms. Included are:
(1) Deafness and hearing loss.
(4) Nausea and vomiting.
(5) Blurring of vision and nystagmus (involuntary jerking of eyes, sometimes fast and sometimes slow).
(6) Staggered gait.
c. Treatment. Treatment for labyrinthitis should be confined to symptomatic treatment of the underlying cause, if that cause is known. Promethazine (Phenergan®) is used for motion sickness and thiethylperazine (Torecan®) is given for nausea and vomiting. The medical evacuation procedures should be done carefully. It may be dangerous aboard ship or aircraft.
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