Meperidine meperidine hydrochloride pethidine

(Trade name Demerol) A strong narcotic analgesic used to treat severe pain not controlled by acetaminophen, an NSAID, or by weaker narcotics, such as codeine or hydrocodone. Narcotics do not affect inflammation but decrease pain by acting through specific opiate receptors in the brain. Side effects Common Nausea, vomiting, constipation, decreased appetite, dizziness, light-headedness, sedation, and low blood pressure. uncommon Allergy resulting in an urticarial rash or bronchospasm, confusion,...

Antinuclear antibody

Heart and lungs and puts many joints through a wide range of motion. For most people with AS physical therapy, NSAIDs and occasional analgesics are sufficient. A small number of patients with severe disease require more aggressive treatment with drugs that attempt to control inflammation or slow down the progression of disease. Most patients with established disease and fused joints or deformity will benefit from occupational therapy, including assessment for work environment alteration or use...

Dolobid See diflunisal

Doxepin (Trade name Sinequan) A tricyclic anti-depressant, a class of drug commonly used to treat depression, chronic pain, and fibromyalgia. Side effects Common Sleepiness, and because of this sedative antidepressants are often used to improve sleep. The sedative effects can persist, resulting in unwanted sleepiness during the day. Anticholinergic side effects such as dry mouth and eyes, blurred vision, constipation, and slowness or difficulty passing urine can occur, particularly when...

Ambien See Zolpidem

Amitriptyl ine (Trade names Elavil, Endep, Enovil) A tricyclic antidepressant, a class of drug commonly used to treat depression, chronic pain, or fibromyalgia. Side effects Common Sleepiness. Because of this effect, tricyclics with sedative side effects are often used to improve sleep. The sedative effects can persist, resulting in unwanted sleepiness during the day. This often becomes less pronounced with continued use. Anticholinergic side effects such as dry mouth and eyes, blurred vision,...

Toradol See ketorolac

Tramadol (Trade name Ultram) A narcotic analgesic that decreases pain by acting through specific opiate receptors in the brain and that is used to treat moderate-to-severe pain not controlled by acetaminophen or an NSAID. Side effects Common Nausea, vomiting, constipation, poor appetite, dizziness, feeling lightheaded, and sleepiness. Uncommon Feeling nervous or agitated, sleeping badly, seizures, an allergic reaction with urticarial rash (hives) or bronchospasm, confusion, feeling high, and...

Propulsid See cisapride

Prosorba column (Protein A Immunoadsorption Column) (Trade name Prosorba Column) Blood is drawn from the patient, passed through the prosorba column, and reinjected into the patient, a process known as apheresis. The prosorba column is used to treat RA not responding to other treatments and to treat idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) (see thrombocytopenia). The column contains a protein (protein A) from a common type of bacterium (staphylococcus) and acts as a filter, removing proteins...

Neurontin See gabapentin

Nitroglycerin ointment nittropaste Trade names Nitro-Bid Ointment, Nitrol Ointment A vasodilator that dilates arteries and veins and is most often used to dilate the arteries in the heart in the treatment of angina. Nitroglycerin ointment is also used in people with RAYNAUD'S PHENOMENON and SCLERODERMA to improve the blood supply to the tips of the fingers. Side effects Common Flushing, dizziness, and headache. nizatidine Trade name Axid A histamine type 2 receptor antagonist H2-receptor...