Symptom management

Most women who are infected with HIV and become pregnant are asymptomatic 81 . However, for those who are experiencing symptoms, nutritional consequences may occur. Some of the symptoms that may affect nutritional status include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and chewing and swallowing difficulties 1 . In a study by Kim et al. 82 , the clinical symptom that was consistently associated with an inability to meet the RDA for nutrients was anorexia. Reduced intake is an important risk factor...