Pharmacotherapy

Although it has been repeatedly demonstrated that temporary suppression rather than cure of enuresis is the usual outcome of drug therapy, it remains the most widely prescribed treatment in the United States. Four classes of drugs have principally been employed synthetic antidiuretic hormones, tricyclic antidepressants, stimulants, and anticholinergic agents. There is no evidence that stimulants or anticholinergic agents are effective. Synthetic Antidiuretic Hormone. The drug is usually...

Dementia Due to Head Trauma

Head trauma is the leading cause of brain injury for children and young adults. Traumatic head injuries result in concussions, contusions, or open head injuries, and the physical examination often reveals such features as blood behind the tympanic membranes (Battle's sign), infraorbital ecchymosis, and pupillary abnormalities. The psychiatric manifestations of an acute brain injury are generally classified as a delirium or an amnestic disorder however, head trauma-induced delirious states often...