Clinical Use

Although ginger is used in many forms, including fresh ginger used in cooking or chai (Indian spicy tea), pickled or glazed ginger, ethanol extracts and concentrated powdered extracts, preparations made with the root are used medicinally. Depending on the specific solvent used, the resultant preparation will contain different concentrations of the active constituents and may differ markedly from crude ginger. Although the great majority of research refers specifically to the species Zingiber...

Adverse Reactions

Mild gastrointestinal distress has been reported at doses of 50-1 50 mg day of supplemental zinc (King 2003). According to a randomised, double-blind study, zinc gluconate glycine lozenge (104 mg equivalent to 13.3 mg ionic zinc) taken every 3-4 hours is well tolerated (Silk & Lefante 2005). Of the side-effects that were reported, dry mouth and a burning sensation on the tongue were probably related to use, whereas symptoms of nausea, dizziness, lightheadedness and upset stomach were...

Cardiovascular Diseases

In 1972 Folkers and Littaru from Italy documented a deficiency of coenzyme Q10 in human heart disease (Ernster & Dallner 1995). Since those early reports, a steady stream of research articles have been published and clinical experience in its use as an adjunct to conventional treatment in various forms of heart disease has accumulated. Data from laboratory studies have also accumulated and generally provide a supportive basis for its use. A review by Langsjoen and Langsjoen of over 34...